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Communication Opportunities for Elementary School Students who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication (summary)

Communication
Opportunities
 
for
School Children
 
who
 
use
AAC

Background

Children with complex communication needs (CCN) often continue to experience educational and social barriers even after they have received appropriate augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems. This means that opportunities to communicate functionally need to be created and supported in the children’s natural environments including schools.

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Communication Opportunities for Elementary School Students who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication (short summary)

Communication
Opportunities
 
for
School Children
 
who
 
use
AAC

Children with complex communication needs (CCN) often continue to experience educational and social barriers even after they have received appropriate augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems.

It is known that in interactions involving people who use AAC the naturally speaking partner tends to be dominant and take the lead, usually by asking a lot of direct questions. Children who use AAC often have limited opportunities to initiate new topics of conversation instructions and the majority of interactions are with adults not peers.

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Communication Opportunities for Elementary School Students who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication (short summary)

Children with complex communication needs (CCN) often continue to experience educational and social barriers even after they have received appropriate augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems.

It is known that in interactions involving people who use AAC the naturally speaking partner tends to be dominant and take the lead, usually by asking a lot of direct questions. Children who use AAC often have limited opportunities to initiate new topics of conversation instructions and the majority of interactions are with adults not peers.

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Communication Opportunities for Elementary School Students who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication (short summary)

Children with complex communication needs (CCN) often continue to experience educational and social barriers even after they have received appropriate augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems.

It is known that in interactions involving people who use AAC the naturally speaking partner tends to be dominant and take the lead, usually by asking a lot of direct questions. Children who use AAC often have limited opportunities to initiate new topics of conversation instructions and the majority of interactions are with adults not peers.

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A comparison of two approaches for representing AAC vocabulary for young children (summary)

Comparing
Two
 
Kinds
 
of
Symbols
 
for
Young Children

Background

A significant percentage of children with special educational needs have complex communication needs and might benefit from the use of some form of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) system.

It is important that these children are given early access to language and communication to enable them to express early communicative functions. Develop language concepts and build social relationships. This requires access to a wide range of vocabulary.

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A comparison of two approaches for representing AAC vocabulary for young children (short summary)

Comparing
Two
 
Kinds
 
of
Symbols
 
for
Young Children

The authors developed developmentally appropriate symbols (DAS) based on children’s interpretations of 10 abstract early language concepts; all gone, big, come, eat, more, open, up, want, what and who.

They compared the abilities of typically developing, preschool children to identify the DAS symbols to the same concepts represented by Picture Communication Symbols (PCS) which are based on adult understanding of the concepts. They also investigated whether the children preferred one type of symbol over the other and why.

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Acquisition, Preference and Follow-up Comparison Across Three AAC Modalities Taught to Two Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (summary)

Use
 
of
Three
 
Types
 
of
AAC
 
by
Children
 
with
Autism

Background

Many people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) fail to develop enough speech to meet their everyday communication needs. Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) has been used successfully with some of this population. Possible AAC strategies for children with ASD include the use of manual signing, picture exchange and speech generating devices (SGDs). This leads to the question of which of these systems should be taught to any individual.

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Acquisition, Preference and Follow-up Comparison Across Three AAC Modalities Taught to Two Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (short summary)

Use
 
of
Three
 
Types
 
of
AAC
 
by
Children
 
with
Autism

In this study, related to McLay et al 2015, the authors investigated whether two boys with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) could be taught to request continuation of toy play using ‘more’ using three different augmentative and alternative communication systems; signing, picture exchange and a speech generating device (SGD), whether this learning would be maintained over time and whether they would show a preference for any of the AAC systems over the others.

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Evaluating the Impact of AAC Interventions in Reducing Hospitalization-related Stress: Challenges and Possibilities (summary)

 
The
 
Effect
of
AAC
 
in
Reducing
Stress
 
in
Hospital

Background

A lot of children with communication difficulties need to use hospital services frequently and have a legal right to “be informed, to communicate, and to express opinions using their preferred means of communication including augmentative and alternative forms” (United Nations 2006). However hospitals often rely on parents to act as interpreters and have little knowledge of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) and communication disabilities.

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