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communication difficulties

voice, language, speech, and hearing difficulties children and adults may have expressing themselves

Evaluation of language and communication skills in adult key word signing users with intellectual disability: Advantages of a narrative task (short summary)

Advantages
of
a
narrative
task

Narrative skills are those skills needed to tell stories or recount things that have happened. The ability to use narrative depends on a wide range of language, communication and cognitive skills. The use of narrative can be a way of gathering information about language content and form in a short period of time but in the main this type of task has not been used with adults with intellectual disability (ID), particularly those who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC).

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Barriers to Participation in Kindergarten Literacy Instruction for a Student with Augmentative and Alternative Communication Needs (summary)

Barriers
to
Participation
in
Kindergarten
Literacy

Background
Many individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) have been found to have difficulties in developing reading and writing skills. This can lead to difficulty in effectively participating in mainstream education activities.

Barriers to Participation in Kindergarten Literacy Instruction for a Student with Augmentative and Alternative Communication Needs (short summary)

Barriers
to
Participation
in
Kindergarten
Literacy

The author studied a single seven year old child with severe speech and mild cognitive impairment and challenging behaviours, who attended a mainstream kindergarten setting on a part-time basis. Barriers to the development of his early literacy skills were identified and divided into access and opportunity barriers. Access barriers refer to those related to the AAC users own needs, skills and abilities, opportunity barriers are imposed by others policy, practice, attitude, knowledge and skill.

The effect of aided language stimulation on vocabulary acquisition in children with little or no functional speech (summary)

Helping
children
without
speech
learn
new
words

Background
There has been limited research into the role of the use of graphic symbols in helping the development of understanding of either spoken language or AAC symbols for people who use AAC.

The effect of aided language stimulation on vocabulary acquisition in children with little or no functional speech (short summary)

Helping
children
without
speech
learn
new
words

The authors investigated the effect the use of Aided Language Stimulation (ALS) had on the vocabulary development of a group of four children with little or no functional speech. They used a strategy of speakers pointing to symbols as they spoke during selected activities to promote knowledge and understanding of 24 vocabulary items over a period of three weeks.

It was found that during the period of the intervention all of the children increased their vocabulary knowledge.


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Speaker Transfer in Children’s Peer Conversation (short summary)

Children’s
conversation
using
AAC

Two eleven year old boys, one a VOCA user, one without communication difficulties, were videoed having a non-directed conversation. Their conversation was analysed with particular focus on turn-taking within the interaction and how the end of VOCA users turns was indicated and understood.

Speaker Transfer in Children’s Peer Conversation (summary)

Children's
conversation
using
AAC

Background In conversations in which one speaker uses a communication aid the AAC users contributions are generally more slowly produced and might lack other subtle features such as intonation and changes in volume. These factors have an effect on the way in which conversational turns are managed between communication partners. The use of communication aids, particularly by children with complex motor disabilities can lead to delays between the end of a natural speaker's conversational turn and the beginning of the VOCA users spoken output.

weblinks - role models

links

The following is a list of personal and business websites of some inspiring individuals who use AAC systems.

communication difficulties

communication
difficulties

voice, language, speech, and hearing difficulties children and adults may have expressing themselves

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