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Evaluation of language and communication skills in adult key word signing users with intellectual disability: Advantages of a narrative task (short summary)

Advantages
of
a
narrative
task

Narrative skills are those skills needed to tell stories or recount things that have happened. The ability to use narrative depends on a wide range of language, communication and cognitive skills. The use of narrative can be a way of gathering information about language content and form in a short period of time but in the main this type of task has not been used with adults with intellectual disability (ID), particularly those who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC).

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It’s good to talk: developing the communication skills of an adult with an intellectual disability through augmentative and alternative communication (summary)

 
It’s
good
 
to
talk

Background

People who have intellectual disabilities (ID) often have associated difficulties with communication which effect all aspects of their lives. Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems have been identified by researchers as a way of improving communicative abilities and participation in interactions. There is a recognised link between communication difficulties and challenging behaviour, limited communication skills might lead to people using behaviour as a means of communicating their needs, wishes and feelings.

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It’s good to talk: developing the communication skills of an adult with an intellectual disability through augmentative and alternative communication (short summary)

 
It’s
good
 
to
talk

A single case study is presented, looking at effects the introduction of a dynamic display speech generating device (SGD) had on the communication and pragmatic skills of a 40 year old woman who was non-verbal and had moderate intellectual disabilities (ID). The subject also had some challenging behaviours related to her wish to be able to communicate more effectively with a wide range of people.

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Augmentative and alternative communication supports for adults with autism spectrum disorders (summary)

Non-electronic
AAC
 
and
people
with
autism

Background

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Augmentative and alternative communication supports for adults with autism spectrum disorders (short summary)

Non-electronic
AAC
 
and
people
with
autism

This study aimed to explore the views and experiences of six adults with ASD, their support workers and family members, regarding the outcomes of providing them with low-tech communication aids.

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Using Talking Mats to support communication in persons with Huntington's Disease (summary)

Using
Talking Mats
 
to
support
communication

Background

Huntington’s Disease (HD) is a progressive degenerative neurological condition which usually leads to speech and communication difficulties. People with HD often develop a reduction in cognitive abilities, with language elements such as a lack of communication initiation, reduced sentence complexity and word-finding problems as well as difficulties in speech production. The ability to understand spoken language is also likely to be affected but there is less research into this than into the effects on expressive language.

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Using Talking Mats to support communication in persons with Huntington's Disease (short summary)

Using
Talking Mats
 
to
support
communication

The authors investigated the use of Talking Mats (TM) in supporting the communication of five people with advanced Huntington’s Disease (HD). They compared unstructured and structured interactions and the used of TM when the same topics were discussed.

It was found that for all of the participants communicative effectiveness was increased by the use of TM.

The authors conclude that the use of TM could increase participation in life-planning for people with HD but is dependent on good support from trained communication partners.

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The Loneliness Experiences of Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy who use Alternative and Augmentative Communication (summary)

 
The
Loneliness
Experiences
of
Young Adults
who
use
AAC

Background

Communication is a significant factor in the maintenance of friendships for young adults. Communicative interactions can be difficult for people who use AAC (PWUAAC) which can make it harder to form and maintain friendships and other relationships, thus increasing the risk of loneliness.

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The Loneliness Experiences of Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy who use Alternative and Augmentative Communication (short summary)

 
The
Loneliness
Experiences
of
Young Adults
who
use
AAC

Communication is a significant factor in the maintenance of friendships for young adults. Communicative interactions can be difficult for people who use augmentative and alternative communication (PWUAAC) which can make it harder to form and maintain friendships and other relationships, thus increasing the risk of loneliness.

The authors used interviews with five young adults with cerebral palsy who used AAC to investigate their experiences of loneliness and their experiences of developing and maintaining friendships.

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