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An Investigation of Aided Language Stimulation: Does it Increase AAC Use with Adults with Developmental Disabilities and Complex Communication Needs? (summary)

Helping
adults
with
complex
communication
needs

Background

Adults with complex communication needs (CCN) are often unable to communicate functionally using spoken language. Their communicative attempts are often difficult for others to understand and their communicative behaviours might be seen as 'challenging'.

There is evidence that in order to increase positive communications augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) might be beneficial but teaching adults with developmental disabilities to use this effectively can be difficult.

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An Investigation of Aided Language Stimulation: Does it Increase AAC Use with Adults with Developmental Disabilities and Complex Communication Needs? (short summary)

Helping
adults
with
complex
communication
needs

The authors investigated whether the use of Aided Language Stimulation (ALS) i.e. communication partners modelling the use of AAC using a system the same or very similar to that used by the AAC user, could be beneficial in teaching adults with developmental difficulties and complex communication needs to use AAC. They aimed to consider the effect of ALS on functional use of AAC.

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Measurement of the Visual Attention Patterns of People with Aphasia (summary)

Visual
Attention
Patterns
of
People
with
language
disorder

Background

People with aphasia who use image based AAC systems rely on their vision to find their way around devices. It is necessary to better understand how people who use augmentative and alternative communication (PWUAAC) visually interact with different images used to represent messages.

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Measurement of the Visual Attention Patterns of People with Aphasia (short summary)

Visual
Attention
Patterns
of
People
with
language
disorder

Eye-tracking technology was used to analyse the way in which people with aphasia engaged with photographic visual scenes. It was found that research participants fixated particularly on human figures within the scenes. When the people in the scene were engaged with an object of interest within the picture there was greater interest shown in the object than when the person was looking directly at the camera.

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Communication boards in critical care: patients’ views (summary)

Communication boards
for
patients

Background

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Communication boards in critical care: patients’ views (short summary)

Communication boards
for
patients

The authors interviewed patients who had been ventilated in a critical care ward to find out their perceptions of their levels of frustration when they were unable to communicate effectively, how they thought this might be alleviated by the use of a communication board and what they thought would be useful for the board to contain.

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SPEACS-2: Intensive Care Unit ‘‘Communication Rounds’’ with Speech Language Pathology (summary)

training
nurses

Background

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses are extremely important in supporting the communication of critically ill patients who are unable to speak, but they usually have very limited training in how best to do this, and insufficient access to speech and language therapists (SLTs). The authors looked at the impact of a web-based training package for nurses on care quality and clinical outcomes for older patients on ICU.

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SPEACS-2: Intensive Care Unit ‘‘Communication Rounds’’ with Speech Language Pathology (short summary)

training
nurses

The authors investigated the use of a web-based training package for nurses working with non-speaking elderly patients in intensive care units (ICUs) and the benefits of speech and language therapy (SLT) led 'communication rounds' on ICUs.

Case studies are used to demonstrate the types of communication strategies that were useful in improving communication for patients, families and nursing staff.

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Augmentative and alternative communication in daily clinical practice: strategies and tools for management of severe communication disorders (summary)

Use
of
AAC
after
a
stroke

Background

People who have had strokes often use natural speech in combination with various AAC strategies to improve the effectiveness of their communication. These strategies might change over time as communication needs change.

Interventions to help build stroke patients' communicative competence need to consider a wide variety of factors including the individual, their environments and their communication partners. They should not necessarily be seeking a 'cure', rather to implement strategies to compensate for difficulties.

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Augmentative and alternative communication in daily clinical practice: strategies and tools for management of severe communication disorders (short summary)

Use
of
AAC
after
a
stroke

This paper looks at the use of AAC with people who have had a stroke. Possible reasons for abandonment or unwillingness to use AAC systems are considered. The authors describe various elements of communicative competence that need to be taken into account when working with stroke patients and their families and carers and emphasise that the needs of people with severe communication impairments are diverse, as are considerations to be taken in identifying possible support systems.

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