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acquired

acquired condition is a disease or condition/characteristic that is not congenital but develops after birth; common adult-acquired conditions include stroke/CVA, brain injury, brain tumour, MND, MS, Parkinson's disease and Huntington’s disease: see also congenital condition

Measurement of the Visual Attention Patterns of People with Aphasia (summary)

Visual
Attention
Patterns
of
People
with
language
disorder

Background

People with aphasia who use image based AAC systems rely on their vision to find their way around devices. It is necessary to better understand how people who use augmentative and alternative communication (PWUAAC) visually interact with different images used to represent messages.

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Measurement of the Visual Attention Patterns of People with Aphasia (short summary)

Visual
Attention
Patterns
of
People
with
language
disorder

Eye-tracking technology was used to analyse the way in which people with aphasia engaged with photographic visual scenes. It was found that research participants fixated particularly on human figures within the scenes. When the people in the scene were engaged with an object of interest within the picture there was greater interest shown in the object than when the person was looking directly at the camera.

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SPEACS-2: Intensive Care Unit ‘‘Communication Rounds’’ with Speech Language Pathology (summary)

training
nurses

Background

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses are extremely important in supporting the communication of critically ill patients who are unable to speak, but they usually have very limited training in how best to do this, and insufficient access to speech and language therapists (SLTs). The authors looked at the impact of a web-based training package for nurses on care quality and clinical outcomes for older patients on ICU.

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SPEACS-2: Intensive Care Unit ‘‘Communication Rounds’’ with Speech Language Pathology (short summary)

training
nurses

The authors investigated the use of a web-based training package for nurses working with non-speaking elderly patients in intensive care units (ICUs) and the benefits of speech and language therapy (SLT) led 'communication rounds' on ICUs.

Case studies are used to demonstrate the types of communication strategies that were useful in improving communication for patients, families and nursing staff.

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Augmentative and alternative communication in daily clinical practice: strategies and tools for management of severe communication disorders (summary)

Use
of
AAC
after
a
stroke

Background

People who have had strokes often use natural speech in combination with various AAC strategies to improve the effectiveness of their communication. These strategies might change over time as communication needs change.

Interventions to help build stroke patients' communicative competence need to consider a wide variety of factors including the individual, their environments and their communication partners. They should not necessarily be seeking a 'cure', rather to implement strategies to compensate for difficulties.

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Augmentative and alternative communication in daily clinical practice: strategies and tools for management of severe communication disorders (short summary)

Use
of
AAC
after
a
stroke

This paper looks at the use of AAC with people who have had a stroke. Possible reasons for abandonment or unwillingness to use AAC systems are considered. The authors describe various elements of communicative competence that need to be taken into account when working with stroke patients and their families and carers and emphasise that the needs of people with severe communication impairments are diverse, as are considerations to be taken in identifying possible support systems.

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Use of augmentative and alternative communication strategies by family members in the intensive care unit (short summary)

Use
of
AAC
by
family members
in
hospital

The use of AAC strategies by families of critically ill patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) was reviewed. 44% of families were found to use some form of AAC support in their communication with ill relatives. Their views about AAC and confidence in using it were rated more positively when the nurses they were working with had been given some training in communication strategies.

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Use of augmentative and alternative communication strategies by family members in the intensive care unit (summary)

Use
of
AAC
by
family members
in
hospital

Background
Family members are often relied upon to act as spokesmen for critically ill patients, but do not always have the skills needed to support patients' communication.

Little is known about how families are able to use AAC systems and how they feel about these forms of communication.

There has been little investigation into the involvement of families in use of AAC with non-speaking patients in intensive care units (ICUs).

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Joint decision making using Talking Mats (short summary)

Combined
decision
making
with
Talking Mats

The authors compared the amount of involvement people with dementia and their family carers felt they had in discussions and decisions about activities of daily living using Talking Mats and their usual methods of communication.

They found that both people with dementia and their carers were more satisfied when Talking Mats were used.


Things you may want to look into:

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Joint decision making using Talking Mats (summary)

Joint
decision
making
using
Talking Mats

Background It is important for people with dementia to be involved in discussions and decisions about their care, but it is often difficult for these people and their carers to discuss their preferences about activities of daily living.

Studies have shown many people with dementia are able to use Talking Mats to support their communication.

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