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AAC and severe ID (summary)

AAC
 
and
severe
intellectual
disability

What was the purpose of the study? The authors of this study reported their experience of introducing AAC to five adolescents with severe intellectual disability and communication impairment.

Why was the paper written? The authors wrote this paper because past research suggests that providing AAC to people with intellectual disability can increase their communication opportunities and ability to participate in society.

What did the authors do? The authors worked with five teenagers with severe intellectual disability and communication impairment. The teenagers had taken part in traditional speech and language therapy for at least five years but had not made any notable progress. AAC was introduced by the multidisciplinary team of each teenager in biweekly one-hour sessions over three years. The teenagers received instruction on how to use communication boards.

The researchers tested each teenager using the Vineland Adaptive Behaviour Scale before and after AAC was introduced. The test measured communication, daily living skills and socialization, and the teenagers' performance showed that they scored lowest in the area of communication compared to daily living and socialization skills before they were introduced to AAC.

What did they find? The teenagers with severe intellectual disability showed improvement in communication, daily living skills and socialization aft er they learned about AAC.

Conclusion: This study showed that the introduction of AAC can improve communication even if traditional speech and language therapy has been ineffective in the past.


Things you may want to look into:

AAC

PMLD

complex communication needs (CCN)

Added to site August 2013


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