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Eye Gaze Technology as a Form of Augmentative and Alternative Communication for Individuals with Rett Syndrome: Experiences of Families in The Netherlands (short summary)

Eye-gaze
 
as
 
a
 
form
 
of
AAC
 
for
People
 
with
 
Rett
 
Syndrome

Background

This study looked into the use of eye gaze and eye tracking technology from the point of view of families of people with Rett Syndrome (RTT) in The Netherlands.

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SPEACS-2: Intensive Care Unit ‘‘Communication Rounds’’ with Speech Language Pathology (summary)

training
nurses

Background

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses are extremely important in supporting the communication of critically ill patients who are unable to speak, but they usually have very limited training in how best to do this, and insufficient access to speech and language therapists (SLTs). The authors looked at the impact of a web-based training package for nurses on care quality and clinical outcomes for older patients on ICU.

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SPEACS-2: Intensive Care Unit ‘‘Communication Rounds’’ with Speech Language Pathology (short summary)

training
nurses

The authors investigated the use of a web-based training package for nurses working with non-speaking elderly patients in intensive care units (ICUs) and the benefits of speech and language therapy (SLT) led 'communication rounds' on ICUs.

Case studies are used to demonstrate the types of communication strategies that were useful in improving communication for patients, families and nursing staff.

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A systematic review of the effectiveness of nurse communication with patients with complex communication needs with a focus on the use of augmentative and alternative communication (summary)

Communication
between
nurses
 
and
patients
with
complex
communication
needs

Background

Nurses work in a wide variety of healthcare settings and with a wide range of patients, many of whom might have severely impaired communication skills, either temporarily or permanently, and who might benefit from communication support.

Effective nurse-patient communication is very important in efficient care provision but nurses typically receive very little education or training in the use of supportive communication strategies.

What did the authors do?

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A systematic review of the effectiveness of nurse communication with patients with complex communication needs with a focus on the use of augmentative and alternative communication (short summary)

Communication
between
nurses
 
and
patients
with
complex
communication
needs

A systematic review of literature related to research regarding communication between nurses and patients with complex communication needs (CCN) was carried out. Papers were published in English in peer-reviewed journals between 1990 and 2007 and addressed one or more of 4 identified areas: importance of communication, barriers to effective communication, supports needed for effective communication and recommendations for improving the effectiveness of communication between nurses and patients with CCN.

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Use of augmentative and alternative communication strategies by family members in the intensive care unit (short summary)

Use
of
AAC
by
family members
in
hospital

The use of AAC strategies by families of critically ill patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) was reviewed. 44% of families were found to use some form of AAC support in their communication with ill relatives. Their views about AAC and confidence in using it were rated more positively when the nurses they were working with had been given some training in communication strategies.

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Use of augmentative and alternative communication strategies by family members in the intensive care unit (summary)

Use
of
AAC
by
family members
in
hospital

Background
Family members are often relied upon to act as spokesmen for critically ill patients, but do not always have the skills needed to support patients' communication.

Little is known about how families are able to use AAC systems and how they feel about these forms of communication.

There has been little investigation into the involvement of families in use of AAC with non-speaking patients in intensive care units (ICUs).

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Exploring Communication Assistants as an Option for Increasing Communication Access to Communities for People who use Augmentative Communication (summary)

Use
of
communication assistants

Background

Community participation and inclusion are fundamental principles within the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and communication is central to this process. It is therefore important to identify supports needed by people who use AAC (PWUAAC) to enable them to fully participate in society and to communicate with others within their communities.

People with complex communication needs (CCN) report a number of communication barriers with unfamiliar people, which can increase feelings of social isolation.

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Exploring Communication Assistants as an Option for Increasing Communication Access to Communities for People who use Augmentative Communication (short summary)

Use
of
communication assistants

13 communication assistants were trained to work with 9 people who use AAC (PWUAAC), to support their communication within their local communities and to increase opportunities for and quality of interactions with other communication partners.

AAC users used the assistants to help them prepare for communication events, support them in making phone calls, writing and using the internet and communicating directly with familiar and unfamiliar communication partners and other PWUAAC, over a 9 month period.

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Mentoring to support people learning to use speech generating devices (short summary)

Mentoring
for
people
learning
 
to
use
speech
devices

Three people who were beginning to use MINspeak systems on their speech generating devices were offer mentoring by experienced MINspeak users. The authors found that the mentoring was generally beneficial in increasing the number and range of words used, but did not significantly improve the grammatical accuracy of the language structures used. They suggest the latter areas requires specific teaching.


Added to site March 2014


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