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speech and language therapist, part of a multi-disciplinary team

Creating communicatively accessible healthcare environments: Perceptions of speech-language pathologists (short summary)

Creating
 
communicatively
accessible
healthcare
environments

Evidence is growing of the need to make changes in healthcare settings to support people who have communication difficulties, but it is unclear whose responsibility this should be. This study used focus groups to investigate the views of fifteen speech and language pathologists (SLPs) in one Australian state about whether they felt able to take on the role of modifying the wider healthcare environment and whether they believed it was part of their remit alone or should be shared more widely with other professionals.

Speech and language therapists’ approaches to communication intervention with children and adults with profound and multiple learning disability? (summary)

Speech and language
therapists
working
with
people
with
complex
needs

Background

Impaired communication skills are one of the defining characteristics of people with profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD).

The communication skills of this group might include idiosyncratic behaviours which are interpreted by their communication partners. These interactions with other people are very important for quality of life.

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Speech and language therapists’ approaches to communication intervention with children and adults with profound and multiple learning disability? (short summary)

Speech and language
therapists
working
with
people
with
complex
needs

The authors looked into how speech and language therapists (SLTs) made decisions about communication interventions they used with people with profound and multiple learning disabilities (PMLD).

They surveyed a number of SLTs who worked with people with PMLD about what sort of intervention approaches they used and on what basis these choices were made.

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Light Technology Augmentative Communication for Acute Care and Rehab Settings (summary)

Low
technology
AAC
after
stroke

Background

Therapists working in hospital settings with patients who have recently had a stroke try both to improve the patient's ability to communicate functionally and to give strategies to help compensate for communication difficulties that might remain.

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Light Technology Augmentative Communication for Acute Care and Rehab Settings (short summary)

Low
technology
AAC
after
stroke

A consideration of the role of low and light-tech AAC strategies in helping people compensate for communication difficulties as a result of a stroke.

This paper looks at a number of different possible approaches to supporting communication for people with aphasia in the early stages of recovery and emphasises the importance of involving patients and their families in decisions about their care.

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Typical children’s graphic sequences (summary)

Typical
children’s
graphic
sequences

What was the aim of the study? This study explored the abilities of typically developing three- and four-year-old children in producing and understanding graphic symbol sequences.

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Typical children’s graphic sequences (short summary)

Typical
children’s
graphic
sequences

This study investigated how typically developing three- and four-year-old children produced and understood graphic symbol sequences. The children did not display one-to-one correspondences between elements in spoken language and graphic symbols in sequences. This suggests that symbol selection, rather than sequencing, could be an appropriate target of AAC intervention for young children and that communication partners must be flexible in their interpretation of graphic symbol sequences produced by young children.


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Working memory in children’s language comprehension (summary)

Working
memory
in
children’s
language
comprehension

What was the aim of the study? The authors wanted to find out whether children can incorporate a visual context into auditory processing, and whether they can do this when the language they hear is very complex. The researchers also wanted to see whether children's working memory abilities influenced their comprehension of complex patterns of speech.

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Working memory in children’s language comprehension (short summary)

Working
memory
in
children’s
language
comprehension

In this study, researchers performed an experiment to investigate whether children can use a visual context to support auditory processing, whether children can do this when the language they hear is very complex and whether the memory abilities of children influence this skill. It was found that children with both high and low memory spans made use of a visual picture in speech comprehension and that they did this for even very complex language structures. However, children with a high-span memory integrated contextual information more fully than the other children.

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Speech segmentation (summary)

Learning
words
in
speech

Background As infants begin to learn the language spoken around them, they face the problem of 'speech segmentation'. That is, infants hear speech in a continuous stream without any pauses between words, yet, in order to acquire language, they must learn how to separate continuous speech into individual words.

What was the aim of the study? The authors of this study designed and tested a computational model of speech segmentation.

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