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aided communication

communication aids or devices are used to help communication, described more fully on the Communication Matters website http://www.communicationmatters.org.uk/glossary-term/aided-communication

Augmentative and alternative communication in daily clinical practice: strategies and tools for management of severe communication disorders (short summary)

Use
of
AAC
after
a
stroke

This paper looks at the use of AAC with people who have had a stroke. Possible reasons for abandonment or unwillingness to use AAC systems are considered. The authors describe various elements of communicative competence that need to be taken into account when working with stroke patients and their families and carers and emphasise that the needs of people with severe communication impairments are diverse, as are considerations to be taken in identifying possible support systems.

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Use of augmentative and alternative communication strategies by family members in the intensive care unit (short summary)

Use
of
AAC
by
family members
in
hospital

The use of AAC strategies by families of critically ill patients in an intensive care unit (ICU) was reviewed. 44% of families were found to use some form of AAC support in their communication with ill relatives. Their views about AAC and confidence in using it were rated more positively when the nurses they were working with had been given some training in communication strategies.

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Use of augmentative and alternative communication strategies by family members in the intensive care unit (summary)

Use
of
AAC
by
family members
in
hospital

Background
Family members are often relied upon to act as spokesmen for critically ill patients, but do not always have the skills needed to support patients' communication.

Little is known about how families are able to use AAC systems and how they feel about these forms of communication.

There has been little investigation into the involvement of families in use of AAC with non-speaking patients in intensive care units (ICUs).

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Nursing the patient with severe communication impairment (summary)

Nurses
 
and
patients
with
severe
communication
impairment

Background

Good communication between hospital nurses and their patients is very important and the need for pre and post-qualification training in communicating with a wide range of patients is essential. This paper aims to get a better understanding of the experiences of nurses in communicating with patients who have severe communication impairment (SCI).

Patients who are unable to speak, either permanently or temporarily, have been found to experience anxiety and frustration because of difficulties in communicating with nurses.

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Nursing the patient with severe communication impairment (short summary)

Nurses
 
and
patients
with
severe
communication
impairment

This paper looks at information from interviews with nurses about their positive and negative experiences of nursing patients with severe communication impairment.

They generally found communication to be difficult, largely due to the additional time required, but also found some effective strategies to facilitate it.

Many problems resulted from the lack of an easily understandable communication system that both nurse and patient could use.

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The effect of aided language stimulation on vocabulary acquisition in children with little or no functional speech (summary)

Helping
children
without
speech
learn
new
words

Background
There has been limited research into the role of the use of graphic symbols in helping the development of understanding of either spoken language or AAC symbols for people who use AAC.

The effect of aided language stimulation on vocabulary acquisition in children with little or no functional speech (short summary)

Helping
children
without
speech
learn
new
words

The authors investigated the effect the use of Aided Language Stimulation (ALS) had on the vocabulary development of a group of four children with little or no functional speech. They used a strategy of speakers pointing to symbols as they spoke during selected activities to promote knowledge and understanding of 24 vocabulary items over a period of three weeks.

It was found that during the period of the intervention all of the children increased their vocabulary knowledge.


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Skydive of communication interaction (short summary)

Sky
dive
of
communication
interaction

The authors of this paper use skydiving as a metaphor for aided communication. Both activities are centred around an individual participant, involve the use of a specialized piece of equipment and require certain skills and competencies that are developed over time. Participation in each activity is the result of a long-term learning process, and each occasion of involvement in the activity reflects an autonomous choice in a certain set of conditions.

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Skydive of communication interaction (summary)

Sky
dive
of
communication
interaction

Background Outcome measures are an important aspect of evidence-based practice, the bringing together of research evidence, clinical experience and client input to determine the best course of action for an individual in the therapy setting. Outcome measures can be the result of the goals that have been agreed by a client and therapist, and they can show the progress that a client makes throughout therapy and over a longer-term period of development.

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AAC and young children with disabilities - review (summary)

AAC
 
and
young children
with
disabilities

What was the aim of the study? This study reviewed the literature on AAC for infants and toddlers with developmental disabilities under the age of three years.

Why was the paper written? The learning experiences of children's first three years of life can influence later brain development, but these experiences may be lessened if caregivers cannot recognize children's communicative behaviours. Early access to AAC can benefit children's early intentional communication, but most literature on AAC relates to older age groups.

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