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communication difficulties

voice, language, speech, and hearing difficulties children and adults may have expressing themselves

Children Who Use Communication Aids Instructing Peer and Adult Partners During Play-Based Activity (short summary)

Children
 
Who
 
Use
AAC
 
Giving
Instructions
 
During
Play

This study investigates the way in which children with severe motor impairments who use AAC are able to use language to give instructions to familiar communication partners in barrier activities involving construction play. It investigates their use of referential communication i.e. their ability to name or describe items so that the listener can identify them. The tasks used in the study included dressing a doll, making a bead necklace, building a tower of blocks and making a pattern of dominoes.

Evaluating the Impact of AAC Interventions in Reducing Hospitalization-related Stress: Challenges and Possibilities (summary)

 
The
 
Effect
of
AAC
 
in
Reducing
Stress
 
in
Hospital

Background

A lot of children with communication difficulties need to use hospital services frequently and have a legal right to “be informed, to communicate, and to express opinions using their preferred means of communication including augmentative and alternative forms” (United Nations 2006). However hospitals often rely on parents to act as interpreters and have little knowledge of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) and communication disabilities.

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Evaluating the Impact of AAC Interventions in Reducing Hospitalization-related Stress: Challenges and Possibilities (short summary)

 
The
 
Effect
 
of
AAC
 
in
Reducing
Stress
 
in
Hospital

Hospital visits and procedures can be distressing for children and their families and an inability to communicate feelings about this or to understand what is happening can increase stress.

Hospital staff often rely on parents of children with communication difficulties to act as interpreters and have little knowledge of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) and communication disabilities.

This paper looks into some of the ways in which the effects of using AAC interventions in health care can be measured.

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Using different methods to communicate: how adults with severe acquired communication difficulties make decisions about the communication methods they use and how they experience them (summary)

Using
different
methods
 
to
communicate

Background

It is recognised that assistive technologies, including augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) can be beneficial in helping improve the quality of life for adults with complex needs. People with acquired communication difficulties have to make many decisions about new technologies and also learn how to use them.

Involving communication aid users in decision making about which systems to use and in what situations is known to be beneficial but does not always happen.

Using different methods to communicate: how adults with severe acquired communication difficulties make decisions about the communication methods they use and how they experience them (short summary)

Using
different
methods
 
to
communicate

The researchers interviewed several men with acquired neurological disorders about their choice of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) methods. They found that the choice of method used to communicate is individual and professionals need to take this into consideration when working with clients with acquired neurological conditions. Often different methods will be chosen for different situations and communication partners.

Creating communicatively accessible healthcare environments: Perceptions of speech-language pathologists (short summary)

Creating
 
communicatively
accessible
healthcare
environments

Evidence is growing of the need to make changes in healthcare settings to support people who have communication difficulties, but it is unclear whose responsibility this should be. This study used focus groups to investigate the views of fifteen speech and language pathologists (SLPs) in one Australian state about whether they felt able to take on the role of modifying the wider healthcare environment and whether they believed it was part of their remit alone or should be shared more widely with other professionals.

Evaluation of language and communication skills in adult key word signing users with intellectual disability: Advantages of a narrative task (short summary)

Advantages
of
a
narrative
task

Narrative skills are those skills needed to tell stories or recount things that have happened. The ability to use narrative depends on a wide range of language, communication and cognitive skills. The use of narrative can be a way of gathering information about language content and form in a short period of time but in the main this type of task has not been used with adults with intellectual disability (ID), particularly those who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC).

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Barriers to Participation in Kindergarten Literacy Instruction for a Student with Augmentative and Alternative Communication Needs (summary)

Barriers
to
Participation
in
Kindergarten
Literacy

Background
Many individuals who use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) have been found to have difficulties in developing reading and writing skills. This can lead to difficulty in effectively participating in mainstream education activities.

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