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acquired

acquired condition is a disease or condition/characteristic that is not congenital but develops after birth; common adult-acquired conditions include stroke/CVA, brain injury, brain tumour, MND, MS, Parkinson's disease and Huntington’s disease: see also congenital condition

Augmentative and alternative communication devices for aphasia: the emerging role of ‘‘smart’’ mobile devices (short summary)

People who have aphasia often use a combination of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) strategies to support their interactions.

This paper aimed to gather an overall perspective on high-tech device use in this population through gathering information from professionals working with them. The information was gathered via a web-based survey of professionals, observation of group therapy sessions and focus groups of clinicians from the group therapy centres.

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The use of social media by adults with acquired conditions who use AAC: current gaps and considerations in research (summary)

 
The
 
use
 
of
social
media
 
by
adults
 
with
acquired
 
conditions
 
who
 
use
AAC:
 
current
gaps
 
and
considerations
 
in
research

Background

There are increasing numbers of adults with acquired neurological disorders who might use augmentative and alternative communication (AAC). The range of disorders is diverse, including stroke, motor neurone disease, multiple sclerosis, head and neck cancer, traumatic brain injury etc.

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The use of social media by adults with acquired conditions who use AAC: current gaps and considerations in research (short summary)

 
The
 
use
 
of
social
media
 
by
adults
 
with
acquired
 
conditions
 
who
 
use
AAC:
 
current
gaps
 
and
considerations
 
in
research

This paper considers the use of social media for communication by adults with a range of acquired neurological disorders. It briefly reviews the limited research into social media use by this population and discusses both positive and negative aspects.
The author aims to summarise recent research findings on adults with acquired conditions who use AAC and social media, identify gaps and priorities for future research in this area and suggest how the research might be performed. Seven priority areas for research to develop the evidence base in this field are identified and discussed.

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Acceptance of Augmentative and Alternative Communication Technology by Persons with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (short summary)

Acceptance
 
of
AAC
 
in
ALS

This study aimed to investigate whether there is a pattern to acceptance of high-tech augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) devices and to investigate the reasons for either acceptance or discontinuance of the use of AAC technology among people who have amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

The researchers found a very high rate of acceptance of AAC technology among the 50 participants. 90% showed immediate acceptance, 6% delayed acceptance and 4% rejection. None of the participants in this study discontinued their use of AAC until very close to the end of their lives.

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Using different methods to communicate: how adults with severe acquired communication difficulties make decisions about the communication methods they use and how they experience them (summary)

Using
different
methods
 
to
communicate

Background

It is recognised that assistive technologies, including augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) can be beneficial in helping improve the quality of life for adults with complex needs. People with acquired communication difficulties have to make many decisions about new technologies and also learn how to use them.

Involving communication aid users in decision making about which systems to use and in what situations is known to be beneficial but does not always happen.

Using different methods to communicate: how adults with severe acquired communication difficulties make decisions about the communication methods they use and how they experience them (short summary)

Using
different
methods
 
to
communicate

The researchers interviewed several men with acquired neurological disorders about their choice of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) methods. They found that the choice of method used to communicate is individual and professionals need to take this into consideration when working with clients with acquired neurological conditions. Often different methods will be chosen for different situations and communication partners.

Measurement of the Visual Attention Patterns of People with Aphasia (summary)

Visual
Attention
Patterns
of
People
with
language
disorder

Background

People with aphasia who use image based AAC systems rely on their vision to find their way around devices. It is necessary to better understand how people who use augmentative and alternative communication (PWUAAC) visually interact with different images used to represent messages.

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Measurement of the Visual Attention Patterns of People with Aphasia (short summary)

Visual
Attention
Patterns
of
People
with
language
disorder

Eye-tracking technology was used to analyse the way in which people with aphasia engaged with photographic visual scenes. It was found that research participants fixated particularly on human figures within the scenes. When the people in the scene were engaged with an object of interest within the picture there was greater interest shown in the object than when the person was looking directly at the camera.

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SPEACS-2: Intensive Care Unit ‘‘Communication Rounds’’ with Speech Language Pathology (summary)

training
nurses

Background

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses are extremely important in supporting the communication of critically ill patients who are unable to speak, but they usually have very limited training in how best to do this, and insufficient access to speech and language therapists (SLTs). The authors looked at the impact of a web-based training package for nurses on care quality and clinical outcomes for older patients on ICU.

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