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Use of a Picture Exchange Communication System for preventive procedures in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: pilot study

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TitleUse of a Picture Exchange Communication System for preventive procedures in individuals with autism spectrum disorder: pilot study
Publication TypeJournal Article
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to evaluate the use of the Picture Exchange Communication System (PECS) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in order to facilitate patient-professional communication during preventive procedures. In this study, 26 patients with ASD, between 5 and 19 years of age (10±3.3 y), were divided into two groups: G1 (n = 13) with no previous experience of dental treatment, and G2 (n = 13), with such previous experience. The initial approach followed the principles of the Son-Rise Program®. The seven PECSs presented the routine of the dental office: “room,” “ground,” “chair,” “dentist,” “mouth,” “low,” and “triple.” Each PEC was used up to three times in order to acquire the skill proposed. It was verified that G2 required a greater number of times to achieve the acceptance of PECS “ground,” “dentist,” “mouth,” and “triple” (p < .05). We concluded that PECS facilitated patient professional communication during preventive procedures, including for ASD patients with previous dental experience.
AuthorsZink, A. G., Diniz M. B., Rodrigues dos Santos M. T. B., and Guaré R. O.
Year of Publication2016
PublicationSpecial Care in Dentistry
Volume36
Issue5
Pages254-259
ISSN0275-1879 (print) 1754-4505 (online)
Publisher DOIhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/scd.12183/full
Keywords (MeSH)autistic disorder, communication aids for disabled, symbolism
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